The third biggest Canton in Switzerland, Valais is widely popular for its wine producing areas. The prominent wine region, Valais stretches a total area of over 50 Kilometers. It spreads from German-speaking Oberwallis to the French-speaking Unterwallis. Ardon, Chamoson, Conthey, Fully, Leuk, Leytron, Martigny, Muraz, Ort, Salquenen (Salgesch), Sierre, Sion, St. Pierre-de-Clages, Vetroz and Visp are principle wine areas of Switzerland.
Switzerland's most productive wine region-Valais, consists of 5,136 ha (13,000 acres), 20,000 growers and 700 winemakers. The greatest diversity of wines both red and white is boasted by Valais regions. The Valais specialty wines, The Fendant and Dole which include both varietals mingle with indigenous varieties are becoming gradually significant. Thus with an average rainfall of 600 mm, Valais comes with a wide range of superb class wines. With more than 60 grape varieties used, Valais has become electrifying zone of Swiss wine growing regions.
An AOC-System was initiated in 1993.it Extends from west to east for over a hundred kilometers. The vineyards of Valais manufactures are along both banks of the Rhone. The largest section, with well-exposed south-facing slopes is the right bank. With the left bank, the smaller wineries are sprinkled sporadically from Lake Geneva, Martigny and Riddes, to Sierre.
The majestic sunny dry climate and favorable deviation of soils from plot to plot account for the abundance of grape varieties and for the startling option of motivating wines that the Valais area offers. The principal grape is Pinot Noir in the famous Dole blend. The original indigenous varieties of wines are the white wines and the red wines. It is rich and complex with ‘late harvest’ specialties. And thus Valais is recognized as a paradise for those who seek new and different wine experiences.